How to talk about copyright?

commercial scale

Each Party shall provide for criminal procedures and penalties to be applied at least in cases of willful trademark counterfeiting or copyright or related rights piracy on a commercial scale”


To calm individuals by suggesting that enforcement will not apply to them as they are not “commercial entities”

To avoid defining the conditions of commercial or noncommercial use clearly



Insist on clear and unambiguous distinction between for-profit and not-for-profit use, based on factual monetary compensation received